An original territory
Delimited to the north by the Oise river, the Park is formed by the massif of three forests (Ermenonville, Chantilly, Halatte) and spreads out into open country to the south and east.
The Ysieux, the Nonette and the Thève rivers surround the massif of Chantilly and numerous ponds, and explain the high number of windmills, fountains and wash-houses.
Ideal for cultural and sportive outings, the Regional Nature park hosts numerous masterpiece such as Royaumont Abbey, Chaalis Abbey, the Château of Chantilly, the ponds of Commelles, the park of the château of La Motte in Luzarches and so on.
The park is Northern Paris ’real green lung. It has kept its rural identity with forestry and farming dominant characteristics and forms a consistent area contrasting from the surrounding territories such as the large farming country of Valois to the east, the Plain of France and Roissy, in full expansion, and the Oise valley, highly industrialized and displaying great economic potentials.
A natural heritage
The Parc Naturel Régional Oise – Pays de France, possesses a remarkable heritage.Indeed, it is close to the Parisian tertiary geology with limestone, sandy and clay soils. It is also cut by numerous waterways, and finally,is located at the heart of a large natural network of green spaces.
Over a large part of the territory, farming has been underdeveloped because of the marked land (with the Paris basin scale) and poor soils. Consequently, forestry has been developed. 20, 000 hectares of forest, forming the massif of the Three Forests, occupy the heart of the Regional Nature Park, contrasting it with the great agricultural plateau nearby.
On top of those expanding wood lands, the interest of the heritage lies in the large diversity of original natural sheltered habitats (limestone turfs, moors, damp areas) and the high number of rare animal and vegetal species known there: around 50 vascular and protected plants; around 40 insects of heritage interest; ¾ of species of mammals and reptiles come from Ile de France and Picardy, 37 of which are listed in the European directives linked to the protection of fauna.
A rich and diversified heritage
The Regional Nature Park of Oise and Pays de France has been the centre of great human activity throughout history. This early occupation of the territory has left great marks, forming a remarkable heritage only matched by several famous sites in Ile-de-France.
As proven by the flint stone discovered in Verneuil-en-Hallate, the territory of the regional nature park accommodated our ancestors for more than 100,000 years before our era. The Gallic Sylvanect tribe in the first century, the Romans in the third century and especially the kings of France who succeeded them, have left numerous marks of their reigns. Therefore, the land can boast a particularly varied, complex and unique heritage. The landscape is dotted with standing stones, fortified towns, arenas, abbeys, Roman and gothic churches, and large estates such as the villages of Luzarches and Viarmes, evidence of a continuous human presence.
The Regional NaturePark of Oise and Pays de France host several jewels of the French historical heritage: the Château of Chantilly and its great stables, the royal city of Senlis and its cathedral, the abbeys of Royaumont, Chaalis and Moncel. These nationwide famous sites are must-see places. However, they cannot conceal the most modest buildings which are just as thrilling. Indeed, the inhabitants’ daily life is revealed by this rural, industrial and craft evidence such as the pavilion of Manse.
The Regional Nature Park of Oise-Pays de France